Most Popular Indian Festivals Essay (2024)

The Great Indian Festivals Essay includes Major festivals celebrated across India & also describes the importance of those particular festivals. Why festivals are important to us and more? In the end, you can find the list of the main holiday calendars for 2024.

Indian Festival Essay

Indian Festivals Essay for Students


A festival brings peace and joy for all of us. It brings us together, and it strengthens our brotherhood. They break us from the daily and boring routine. It is worth saying that India is the land of festivals, here in India we celebrate some festivals now and then.

There are numerous festivals in India, they are further categorized into three major types which include National, religious, and seasonal. The national festivals are celebrated across India with great patriotism. The second category is religiously associated with the faith and beliefs of people.

And the third one is according to the change of seasons. People celebrated with gaiety and enthusiasm all over India. National festivals such as Independence Day, Republic Day, Gandhi Jayanti, and more.

The Holi, Lohri, Dussehra, Diwali, Janmashtami, Chhatt, Navratri, Eid, and Christmas come under religious festivals. The seasonal festival includes Baisakhi, Bihu, Onam, Basant Panchami, Pongal, etc.

The festivals sometimes have negative influences on society too, we will talk about this later in this article. We should celebrate it with simplicity; and also keep up the national integrity and communal harmony.

A festival is not just an occasion it is a celebration of life. It brings us not only joy but strengthen our relationship and friendship, and also promotes social interaction and harmony. All nations have their religious and cultural festivals they all celebrate according to their tradition.

However, the Indian festival attracts the whole world because of cultural diversity, colour, and excitement. Being a multi-language, multi-racial country, with and rich cultural heritage, India celebrates festivals throughout the year.

You can find a lot of variation in Indian festivals according to the state, every state has its own rituals and beliefs to celebrate any occasion. They are divided into three major categories national or political, religious, and seasonal.

Most of the Indian festivals are celebrated either in religious myths or popular faiths. Some are celebrated in the memory of a respectable person and events inspire people to follow in their footsteps. And there are festivals connected with the season changes.

National festivals like Independence Day, Republic Day, etc. are celebrated with excitement and great patriotism zeal. They are declared as national holidays and celebrated with great joy in all parts of the country.

The capital Delhi is the core of most national celebrations on such occasions. On Republic Day, we witness a majestic parade. Apart from the defense forces, schoolchildren across India participated in this parade.

On that day the states showcase they’re available resources, cultures, and achievements.

It is an occasion to display our military strength to the world, which includes a number of arms, fighter aircraft, and ammunition are the few glimpses of the parade.

2nd October, Gandhi Jayanti, leaders from different political parties pay their homage to the Father of the Nation.

On 15th August Indian Independence Day, the Prime Minister hoisted the tricolor flag and addressed the nation from the historic Red forte.

There are many religious festivals in India such as Holi, Diwali, Dussehra, Durga Pooja, Janmashtami, Maha Shivratri, Guru Parva, Navratri, Chhatt, Eid-ul-Juha, Eid-ul-Fitr, Christmas, also we celebrate the festivals of Parses and Jews. See the list of Festivals in India.

7 Lines on Importance of Indian Festivals Essay

Indian Festivals Essay in English
  1. Festivals break the daily routine of life.
  2. Three major types of Indian Festivals are national, religious & seasonal.
  3. National festivals in India are Independence Day, Republic Day, Gandhi Jayanti etc.
  4. Religious festivals of India include Durga Pooja, Diwali, Dusshera, Navratri, Chhatt, Eid, Christmas, Jews (festivals of Parsees), and many others.
  5. Indian seasonal festivals such as Baishakhi, Onam, Bihu, Basant Panchami etc.
  6. Festivals do have negative influences on society, for example, the excessive use of firecrackers on Diwali, the use of permanent color in Holi, gambling create a nuisance in public.
  7. The main reason behind celebrating festivals is to bring together the people of all communities and forget the narrow differences with each other, we all make this earth a beautiful place to live in.


Importance of Diwali Festival in India

Indian Festival Essay Diwali
Popular Indian Festivals Essay & Holiday Calendar 2024

When we talk about the major Indian festivals, Diwali comes in the first place, it is the most prominent festival of Hindus. We celebrate the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after the victory of Rama over Ravan. It also marks the victory of good over evil.

The houses are whitewashed and the surroundings are clean many days in advance. People buy new clothes and exchange gifts and sweets. Diwali has special significance for businessman, as they start their new accounts. People across India lighten up their houses, and children and youth enjoy the firecrackers.

Let us talk a little bit about the other occasions including the religious festival Rama Navmi has celebrates the birth of Lord Rama. Janmashtami is the celebration of Lord Krishna.

Durga Pooja is celebrated all over India with great pomp and shows but is more popular in West Bengal, Assam, and Orissa. Goddess Durga is worshipped for nine, some people are fasting for nine days, and on the tenth day, Vijayadashmi, the goddess idol immersed in water.

In northern India, Dusshera is observed on Vijayadashmi day, to celebrate the victory of Rama over Ravan. The Ganesh Chaturthi festival is celebrated in Maharastra with great enthusiasm, it is a ten-day occasion.

Holi Festival of Colors

Indian Festival Essay Holi
Popular Indian Festivals Essay & Holiday Calendar 2024

The festival of colour Holi is celebrated at the end of the winter season. There are various ways of celebrating Holi in different states of India.

In Manipur, a cultural dance “Raaslila” (dance dedicated to Lord Krishna and Gopis) is staged during this festival. People shower colour on one another and hug each other.

Chhath Mahaparv

Chhatt has a special significance for the people of Bihar, also celebrated in other parts of the country.

On this occasion, the Sun-god is worshipped at sunset and again in the following sunrise, people offering (Arghya) sweets and fruits.

Eid ul-Fitr – Islamic Observances

The Muslims celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr, which marks the end of Ramzan. On that day Holy Quran was revealed to Prophet Mohammed. During the month of Ramzan, Muslims fast for a whole month and break their fast on Id with feasts.

Guru of Guru Nanak Dev Ji Birthday

The Sikh and the other community celebrates the Guru Nanak Dev’s birthday. It is a special significance for Sikhs, on that day religious congregations are attended, and firecrackers are burst. In the remembrance of the martyrdom of Guru Arjun Dev and Guru Teg Bahadur.

These days are observed as peace and harmony and big pandal, langer Sewa(providing free food) are organized on a large scale across India. Religious festivals like Buddha Purnima are celebrated by Buddhists and Mahavir Jayanti by Jains.

YOU LOVE READING | 2+ Indian Wedding Essay: Significance of Indian Marriage

Importance of Christmas Celebration

Christmas Festival Essay
Popular Indian Festivals Essay & Holiday Calendar 2024

Christmas is the greatest festival for Christian communities, 25th December is the celebration of the birth of the Lord Jesus Christ.

On that day many special events are organized all over the world, the Christmas tree is beautifully decorated with flowers, artificial lights, toys, etc. Hymns are sung and prayers are offered in churches and cathedrals. People in disguise as Santa Claus distribute gifts and sweets among the children.

Festival of Jews

Jews the festivals celebrated in the same manner as those of Christians. They go to synagogue to pray to the almighty. The Jews belonging to Kerala celebrate Hanukkah, the birthday of the god Zeus with religious fervor.

The Naoroz is celebrated by Parsees during the month of August-September, it is also the beginning of their new year. Many other festivals are celebrated in all parts of the country with great fervor. Few festivals have become an indispensable part of Indian culture. Variation in festivals offers a welcome break from our daily routine.

These occasions have purified our minds and brought free the value of piety. The main motive for celebrating festivals is to bring people of different communities together and strengthen our relationship with each other. We should invite people of different communities with open arms and forget the narrow differences with one another, which will help in strengthening the national integrity.

A quick note on the importance of festivals in life through an infographic, useful for kids and children.

Essay on Indian Festivals
Importance of Indian Festivals

Major Indian Festival & Holiday Calendar 2024

1New Year’s Day01-JanMondayRH*
3Makar Sankranti14-JanSundayRH*
5Guru Govind Singh Jayanti17-JanWednesdayRH*
6Hazarat Ali’s Birthday25-JanThursdayRH*
7Republic Day26-JanFridayGazetted Holiday
8Lunar New Year10-FebSaturdayObservance
9Vasant Panchami14-FebWednesdayRH*
10Valentine’s Day14-FebWednesdayObservance
11Shivaji Jayanti19-FebMondayRH*
12Guru Ravidas Jayanti24-FebSaturdayRH*
13Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati Jayanti06-MarWednesdayRH*
14Maha Shivaratri/Shivaratri08-MarFridayRH*
15Ramadan Start (Tentative Date)12-MarTuesdayObservance
16March Equinox20-MarWednesdaySeason
17Holika Dahana24-MarSundayRH*
18Holi25-MarMondayGazetted Holiday
20Maundy Thursday28-MarThursdayObservance, Christian
21Good Friday29-MarFridayGazetted Holiday
22Easter Day31-MarSundayRH*
23Jamat Ul-Vida (Tentative Date)05-AprFridayRH*
24Chaitra Sukhladi09-AprTuesdayRH*
26Gudi Padwa09-AprTuesdayRH*
27Ramzan Id/Eid-ul-Fitr (Tentative Date)11-AprThursdayGazetted Holiday
28Ramzan Id/Eid-ul-Fitar (Tentative Date)11-AprThursdayMuslim, Common local holiday
30Mesadi / Vaisakhadi14-AprSundayRH*
31Ambedkar Jayanti14-AprSundayObservance
32Rama Navami17-AprWednesdayGazetted Holiday
33Mahavir Jayanti21-AprSundayGazetted Holiday
34First day of Passover23-AprTuesdayObservance
35International Worker’s Day01-MayWednesdayObservance
36Birthday of Rabindranath08-MayWednesdayRH*
37Mothers’ Day12-MaySundayObservance
38Buddha Purnima/Vesak23-MayThursdayGazetted Holiday
39Fathers’ Day16-JunSundayObservance
40Bakrid/Eid ul-Adha (Tentative Date)17-JunMondayGazetted Holiday
41June Solstice21-JunFridaySeason
42Rath Yatra07-JulSundayRH*
43Muharram/Ashura (Tentative Date)17-JulWednesdayGazetted Holiday
44Guru Purnima21-JulSundayObservance
45Friendship Day04-AugSundayObservance
46Independence Day15-AugThursdayGazetted Holiday
47Parsi New Year15-AugThursdayRH*
48Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)19-AugMondayRH*
49Janmashtami26-AugMondayGazetted Holiday
50Janmashtami (Smarta)26-AugMondayObservance
51Ganesh Chaturthi/Vinayaka Chaturthi07-SepSaturdayRH*
53Milad un-Nabi/Id-e-Milad (Tentative Date)16-SepMondayGazetted Holiday
54September Equinox22-SepSundaySeason
55Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti02-OctWednesdayGazetted Holiday
56First Day of Sharad Navratri03-OctThursdayObservance, Hinduism
57First Day of Durga Puja Festivities09-OctWednesdayObservance, Hinduism
58Maha Saptami10-OctThursdayRH*
59Maha Navami11-OctFridayRH*
60Maha Ashtami11-OctFridayRH*
61Dussehra12-OctSaturdayGazetted Holiday
62Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti17-OctThursdayRH*
63Karaka Chaturthi (Karva Chauth)20-OctSundayRH*
65Naraka Chaturdasi31-OctThursdayRH*
66Diwali/Deepavali31-OctThursdayGazetted Holiday
67Govardhan Puja02-NovSaturdayRH*
68Bhai Duj03-NovSundayRH*
69Chhat Puja (Pratihar Sashthi/Surya Sashthi)07-NovThursdayRH*
70Guru Nanak Jayanti15-NovFridayGazetted Holiday
71Guru Tegh Bahadur’s Martyrdom Day24-NovSundayRH*
72December Solstice21-DecSaturdaySeason
73Christmas Eve24-DecTuesdayRH*
74Christmas25-DecWednesdayGazetted Holiday
75First Day of Hanukkah26-DecThursdayObservance
76New Year’s Eve31-DecTuesdayObservance
Holiday Calendar 2024 *Restricted Holiday

J. Harshit specializes in content writing and storytelling. Writing compelling essays, Letters, & more that engage, inform, and inspire is something he enjoys.

Leave a Comment