IMPORTANT Essay on Wildlife Conservation in India (400+)

Here in this article, we discuss on wildlife through the Essay on Wildlife Conservation and some quick facts.

Introduction

  1. India – rich in wild life
  2. Kind of wild life in India
  3. Our National policy regarding wild life
  4. Preservation of wild life

Essay on Wildlife Conservation

 
Essay on Wildlife Conservation
 
Possessing tremendous diversity in climate and physical conditions, India has a great variety of fauna. More than 59353 thousands species of insects, 2000 fish, 518 reptiles, 1,266 birds, 410 mammals are found in the country.

 

The mammals include elephant the Indian bison (or gaur), Indian buffalo, nilgai, four-horned antelope (or chousingha), blackbuck (an Indian antelope), Indian wild ass (ghorkhur). There are also several species of deer such as Kashmir stage, swamp deer, spotted deer, musk deer, and mouse deer.

 
Importance of wildlife conservation
 
 

Among the animals of prey, the Indian lion is most important. It is the only lion to be found in the world found outside Africa. The tiger is our national animal.

They are about 3,890 in numbers. The general decline in its number has led to the launching of project tiger, a scheme to safeguard the tiger, its prey, and its habitat, in fifteen selected areas.

Among other cats are the leopard, clouded leopard, snow leopard, and various species of smaller cats.

Several species of monkeys and langurs are also found in India. The lion-tailed macaque is found in the south. The peacock is our national bird.

Pheasants, geese, ducks, mynas, parakeets, pigeons, cranes, hornbills, and sunbirds are other important birds.

Crocodiles and gharials are found in the river and lakes of India. The saltwater crocodiles are found along the eastern coast and in the Andaman Nicobar islands.

Many schemes are in operation in different states for the breeding of crocodiles and releasing them in the wild.

Also_see : Essay on Zoo Visit

The great Himalayan range is also rich in fauna and includes wild sheep and goats, the markhor, the ibex, the shrew and the tapir. In the upper ranges of mountains, the snow leopard is found.

Conclusion

A national wildlife action plan adopted in 1983 provided the framework of the strategy for wildlife conservation in the future.

India is also a signatory to the Convention on the International treaty on endangered species for wild flora and fauna.

There are at present 51 national parks as in 2019, 543 wild sanctuaries and 54 zoological gardens in the country covering a protected area of approximately 88,000 sq. km.

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